Any interior design project has some essential elements that create a harmonious layout and a healthy space.
When it is used accordingly it creates equilibrium, improves the quality of the space and has influence on quality of life, generating different sensations and perceptions, in which, the use of the space can be more productive and attractive. Therefore it’s possible to achieve the improvement significantly in quality of life, contributing to overall well-being of the user.
Examples are colour, lighting, thermal comfort, acoustics, ergonomics, room function and furniture placement:
- Colour: Colour brings the power of renovation, generates well-being, and reflects a lifestyle – even aesthetic principles can change the perception of distance, volume and weight.
One example of that is when we have contact with red and hot colours we perceive an atmosphere as more festive, affective and active, whilst with contact with yellow, it symbolises to us a cosy atmosphere and comfort. The colour blue and its tones brings to us a relaxed atmosphere and calm environment.
- Lighting and Thermal comfort: Light can be linked to thermal comfort, and can be provided for by both natural light or artificial light. All the interior spaces must be observed before being designed in order to use the correct lighting considering function and mood. If the mood of the space is relaxing, cosy and intimate, the light’s tone needs to be yellowish, but if the function of the space is to work, develop thoughts and attention, the ideal is the use of white light that wake people up and create a cold atmosphere and encourage activities.
Ergonomic: Besides contributing to the positive coordination of work, the ergonomic aspect has the objective to improve the wellbeing, health, safety and the efficiency of the human activities. The space should be well designed, safe and well measured for its function – ergo, people feel more confident and consequently their development in a workplace for example is more measurably successful.
- Acoustic: The acoustic comfort is essential to create conditions for the development of work or any activities in an efficient environment. The lack of this will affect negatively the health and productivity of people, such as creating difficulties in communication, irritability and a bad effect of auditory functions.
Design elements could even cause positive or negative emotions or memories that might completely change or upset one’s disposition for the day.
Some design practices mentioned – such as good lighting, which could lower risks of headache or reduce blood pressure; and good spatial planning with an uncluttered journey – could mean less stress for a user of the space, as compared to a confusing space that is difficult to navigate through.